Everybody may face some financial difficulties in life. There are different types of loans to meet any of people’s needs. All of them have different purposes and conditions. By the way, they vary according to the amount, terms, rates, fees and other factors. To choose the one that suits your situation you’d better do some research and find out what loan options you have, what are pros and cons of each and make a responsible decision before applying. Our article presents a thorough guide into the world of loans that will definitely help you to find yours.

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Contents

Credit and loan definition and difference.

Loans distinctive features.

Classification according to repayment term: open-ens and close end loans.

Classification according to the way repayment is done.

Classification according to the purpose of the loan.

Types of loans according to the way a loan is secured.

Loans according to the place where you borrow.

Loans according to the rates.

Loans according to the target market.

Loans according to the time to maturity.

The table of loans and their characteristics.

Credit and loan definition and difference.

A loan is a written or oral agreement for a temporary transfer of a property (usually cash) from its owner (the lender) to a borrower who promises to return it according to the terms of the agreement, usually with interest for its use . 

A credit is

  1. An agreement between a buyer and a seller in which the buyer receives the good or service in advance and makes payment later, often over time and usually with interest.
  2. The amount in a bank account or some other account 1.

The difference between these notions is a slight one. They may mean the same in certain context, but can differ in another situation. On the whole, the term “credit” is wider than “loan”. Loan is also a type of credit, while the later can also refer to the deposit made in your bank account. A loan is particularly lending term and means the act of borrowing while credit is more the ability to borrow. For example, if you have $1,000 credit, you can get some of this money when you need it. If you have $1,000 loan, you already own it today.

Loan types vary because each loan has a specific intended use. They can vary by length of time, by how interest rates are calculated, by when payments are due and by a number of other variables.

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Loans distinctive features

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All loans are characterized by some common criteria which help us to differentiate their types. The common features are:

  • They are money borrowed by a borrower from a lender on certain conditions It’s usually a certain amount borrowed for a certain period of time
  • All loans include the principal and interest (payment to the lender for giving you the money)
  • Borrowers pay certain interest, APR and other fees for using the loan
  • Loans can be repaid in a lump-sum or in installments, weekly, biweekly or monthly, in equal or not payments There are certain penalties if you default a loan Loans are closely connected with your credit history and credit score: the score can influence your ability to borrow on the one hand, and applying for a loan can affect your score on the other.
  • Money is usually borrowed for some purpose: buying a car, a house, medical bills, education, any other personal needs

According to these factors we offer several classifications of loans into the main types.

 

Classification according to repayment term: open-end and closed-end loans.

The two main categories of consumer credit according to the repayment term are open-end (revolving) and closed-end credit2

Credit type

Open-end

Closed-end

Examples

  • Credit cards
  • Home equity loans
  • Home equity lines of credit (HELOC).
  • Mortgages
  • Car loans
  • Appliance loans
  • Payday loans

Purpose

Any personal needs: daily expenses, such as food, clothing, transportation and small home repairs

Specific purpose: to buy a car, a house, etc.

Interest charges

Applied only if you don’t pay the monthly balance in full. 0 - 30%, 15% on average.

Varies by lender and depends on the borrowers credit score

Terms

Not limited

Specific term

Repayment

Repeatedly in some parts monthly but not in full.

Regular (usually monthly) payments until it’s fully repaid.

Credit score

Hard but can be approved for bad credit score.

Can be suitable for bad credit, but the lower the score the higher the rates are.

In a nutshell!
Thus, the main difference lies in the terms which are either not restricted to a certain expiry date (open-end) or are due at particular time and are defaulted in case they are not repaid by this time (closed-end).

Classification according to the way repayment is done.

According to the way repayment is done there are:

  1. Demand loans, which are repaid on the demand of the lender.
  2. Installment loans, which are repaid in equal monthly payments.
  3. Time loans, which are paid back in lump sum on the expiration date.

PayDay Loan Calculator

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Select the amount for the loan you want in order to get the principal, which is the basis that we use to calculate the interest and the total cost of the cash advance.
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The number of days within that you will be ready to repay the loan. It’s used to count the total cost of cash advance by multiplying the days by the amount of interest.
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To calculate the total cost of your loan, we take the minimal average APR legal in all States, which is 36%. This figure is only a representative, providing you with general information on how much the loan may cost. To find out a more accurate total, fill in the Annual Percentage Rate required by the lender you want to apply to.
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It’s the money charged by the lender for doing all the necessary paper work, bank transactions, etc., connected with lending you the money.
$ Your loan
+ $ Your fee
= $ Total Cost*

* Total Cost - The sum of money you are to pay off within the term you’ve mentioned if you borrow the stated above amount for the average (or required by your lender) APR.

Classification according to the purpose of the loan.

People need money to meet the incredible number of various needs and luckily there are loans to suit any of them. According to the purpose the credit is taken economists and bankers differentiate the following loan types:

General purpose loans: without any designated purpose, lent for any of everyday personal expenses and needs:

They can be used for any of the following: medical or dental services, car or home repair, debt consolidation, vacations, traveling, anniversaries, weddings, etc.

Specifiс purpose loans: lent only for a certain kind of expenses:

  • Student loans:  federal student loans and private student loans - are used to cover the cost of higher education.
  • Mortgages - to buy homes.
  • Auto-loans - to buy a vehicle.
  • Business loans - to start or expand a business.
  • Consolidated loans - to pay off outstanding debts.
Read more:

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  • Payday Loans $100 - $1,000
  • Personal Loans $1,000 - $35,000
 

Types of loans according to the way a loan is secured.

Secured loans - A secured loan is money that you borrow secured against something that you own. If you don’t repay the loan, the lender has the right to take the asset you put up as security.  It can be your:

  • house (‘homeowner loans’ or ‘second mortgages’),
  • car (‘logbook loans’), 
  • jewellery and gadgets (‘pawnbroker loan’).

The most common examples of secured loans are:

  • Mortgage
  • Auto loan
  • Auto title or pawn loan

Unsecured loans - you don’t have to use anything as security for this type of loan (e.g. your house or car). The offer of a loan is based on the information held in your credit report, along with some personal details in your application (such as your income, which doesn’t appear on your credit report).

The examples of unsecured loans are:

  • credit card debt
  • personal loans
  • bank overdrafts
  • credit facilities or lines of credit
  • corporate bonds (may be secured or unsecured)
  • peer-to-peer lending

Guarantor loans - a good option for those with a low credit score. You need to ask someone else – the ‘guarantor’ – to agree to be responsible for paying the debt if you can’t. The guarantor will need to have a good credit history and will usually be a parent, another member of your family or your partner.

Must know!
Unsecured loans usually have higher interest rates than ‘secured’ loans. This is because they are riskier for the lender – but they are less risky for you. You’ll pay quite a high interest rate with a guarantor loan, normally between 40 and 50%, but if you repay it on time, your credit score will improve.  

Loans according to the place where you borrow.

Loans can be applied for online or in-store or some other financial organization. For pros and cons of online vs in-store lending read our article. The places where people may look for extra money are:

  • National banks (US Bank, Wells Fargo, Capital One)
  • Credit unions
  • Peer-to-peer loans
  • Online lenders
  • Retirement plans
  • Private businesses
  • Family and friends
  • Pawn shops 3

Whichever place you choose take into account all pros and cons and compare all the possible options on COMPACOM.com to make the right choice.

TOP RATED COMPANIES

Rates last updated January 21st, 2019
4.4705882352941

PAYDAY LOANS USA .ONLINE

$1,000
MAX. loan amount

It’s the maximum sum of cash advance allowed to apply for in the state. It usually ranges from $500 to $1000. But it may vary depending on the lender and his requirements.

16,6%
MIN MPR

The minimal percentage allowed that actually represents the cost of your loan charged for a month. It's more important for the customer as mostly Payday loan are borrowed for a month term and paid off with the next paycheck.

None, unsecured
Collateral or Guarantor

Collateral – is some kind of your property which ensures the lender that you will repay the money. Guarantor – is a person that sings the agreement thus giving his guarantee that you will repay the loan. Payday loans are unsecured which means to get cash advance you don’t need either a collateral or guarantor.

Available for Bad Credit

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LEND YOU

$1,000
MAX Loan Amount

It’s the maximum sum of cash advance allowed to apply for in the state. It usually ranges from $500 to $1000. But it may vary depending on the lender and his requirements.

15%
MIN APR

The minimal percentage allowed that actually represents annual cost of your loan. The APR is based on several things, including the amount you borrow, the interest rate and costs you’re being charged, and the length of your loan.

None, Unsecured
Collateral or Guarantor

Collateral – is some kind of your property which ensures the lender that you will repay the money. Guarantor – is a person that sings the agreement thus giving his guarantee that you will repay the loan. Payday loans are unsecured which means to get cash advance you don’t need either a collateral or guarantor.

Available for Bad Credit

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The loans you need, when you need them. 

Check Into Cash

$1,000
Maximum Loan Amount

It’s the maximum sum of cash advance allowed to apply for in the state. It usually ranges from $500 to $1000. But it may vary depending on the lender and his requirements.

Varied by state
MIN APR

The minimal percentage allowed that actually represents annual cost of your loan. The APR is based on several things, including the amount you borrow, the interest rate and costs you’re being charged, and the length of your loan.

None, unsecured
Collateral or Guarantor

Collateral – is some kind of your property which ensures the lender that you will repay the money. Guarantor – is a person that sings the agreement thus giving his guarantee that you will repay the loan. Payday loans are unsecured which means to get cash advance you don’t need either a collateral or guarantor.

Available for Bad Credit

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CashAdvance.com

$999
Maximum Loan Amount

It’s the maximum sum of cash advance allowed to apply for in the state. It usually ranges from $500 to $1000. But it may vary depending on the lender and his requirements.

15%
MIN APR

The minimal percentage allowed that actually represents annual cost of your loan. The APR is based on several things, including the amount you borrow, the interest rate and costs you’re being charged, and the length of your loan.

None, unsecured
Collateral or Guarantor

Collateral – is some kind of your property which ensures the lender that you will repay the money. Guarantor – is a person that sings the agreement thus giving his guarantee that you will repay the loan. Payday loans are unsecured which means to get cash advance you don’t need either a collateral or guarantor.

Available for Bad Credit

CashAdvance.com is one of the more trusted names in payday loans, and works the same as Trusted Loan Network in that it aggregates lenders to help match the best one for you. They offer a wide range of loans and have some of the lowest APRs in the payday loan business. CashAdvance.com also does not require a credit check, but you do need to be 18, have a source of income and have an open back account. Once you are approved, funds will be deposited in your account the following business day.

ONLINE COMPANIES

Rates last updated January 21st, 2019
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Payday Loans Low Rates

$1,000
MAX Loan Amount

It’s the maximum sum of cash advance allowed to apply for in the state. It usually ranges from $500 to $1000. But it may vary depending on the lender and his requirements.

16,6%
MIN MPR

The minimal percentage allowed that actually represents the cost of your loan borrowed for a month. It's more significant criterion than APR as mostly Payday loans are borrowed for 14-30 days until the next paycheck.

None, unsecured
Collateral or Guarantor

Collateral – is some kind of your property which ensures the lender that you will repay the money. Guarantor – is a person that sings the agreement thus giving his guarantee that you will repay the loan. Payday loans are unsecured which means to get cash advance you don’t need either a collateral or guarantor.

Available for Bad Credit

THE TYPES OF LOANS THAT WE OFFER ARE AS FOLLOWED:

Payday Loans - a short-term loan which you typically would repay by your next payday or within 30 days. Normally comes with a higher (APR).

Instalment Loans - involves equal periodical repayments over an agreed loan term. No collaterals are needed either, but the APR is normally lower compared to the one of the payday type.

Your Faster Payday

$1,000
MAX Loan Amount

It’s the maximum sum of cash advance allowed to apply for in the state. It usually ranges from $500 to $1000. But it may vary depending on the lender and his requirements.

16,6%
MIN APR

The minimal percentage allowed that actually represents the cost of your loan borrowed for a month. It's more significant criterion than APR as mostly Payday loans are borrowed for 14-30 days until the next paycheck.

None, unsecured
Collateral or Guarantor

Collateral – is some kind of your property which ensures the lender that you will repay the money. Guarantor – is a person that sings the agreement thus giving his guarantee that you will repay the loan. Payday loans are unsecured which means to get cash advance you don’t need either a collateral or guarantor.

Available for Bad Credit

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Fast Holiday Loans

$1,000
MAX Loan Amount

It’s the maximum sum of cash advance allowed to apply for in the state. It usually ranges from $500 to $1000. But it may vary depending on the lender and his requirements.

200%
MIN APR

The minimal percentage allowed that actually represents annual cost of your loan. The APR is based on several things, including the amount you borrow, the interest rate and costs you’re being charged, and the length of your loan.

None, unsecured
Collateral or Guarantor

Collateral – is some kind of your property which ensures the lender that you will repay the money. Guarantor – is a person that sings the agreement thus giving his guarantee that you will repay the loan. Payday loans are unsecured which means to get cash advance you don’t need either a collateral or guarantor.

Available for Bad Credit

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Loans according to the rates.

According to the rates the loans can be:

  1. Fixed rates - all the rates and fees are fixed and stated in the agreement.
  2. Variable rates - rates can change meanwhile the loan is repaid depending on changing economic conditions.
  3. Demand loans are short-term loans that typically do not have fixed dates for repayment. Instead, demand loans carry a floating interest rate which varies according to the prime lending rate or other defined contract terms. Demand loans can be "called" for repayment by the lending institution at any time. Demand loans may be unsecured or secured.
  4. A subsidized loan is a loan on which the interest is reduced by an explicit or hidden subsidy. In the context of college loans in the United States, it refers to a loan on which no interest is accrued while a student remains enrolled in education6    
  5. A concessional loan, sometimes called a "soft loan", is granted on terms substantially more generous than market loans either through below-market interest rates, by grace periods or a combination of both. Such loans may be made by foreign governments to developing countries or may be offered to employees of lending institutions as an employee benefit (sometimes called a perk) 4.

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Loans according to the target market.

Loans can also be subcategorized according to whether the debtor is an individual person (consumer) or a business.

  • Personal - mortgage loans, car loans, home equity lines of credit, credit cards, installment loans and payday loans
  • Commercial- small business loans, commercial mortgages and corporate bonds.

Loans according to the time to maturity.

SHORT-TERM LOANS - less than 1 year.

  • A special commitment loan  -  a single-purpose loan to cover unexpected cash shortages. 
  • Trade credit - is extended by a vendor who allows the purchaser up to three months to settle a bill.
  • A seasonal line of credit of less than one year may be used to finance inventory purchases or production. The successful sale of inventory repays the line of credit. 
  • A permanent working capital loan - financing for a business when cash flow from earnings does not coincide with the timing or volume of expenditures.

INTERMEDIATE-TERM LOANS - 1 -5 years, used to buy furniture, fixtures, vehicles, plant and office equipment, autos, boats, and home repairs and remodeling.

LONG-TERM LOANS - 10 - 40 years, for example mortgages 5.

Taking into account all of the above mentioned characteristics we’ve made up a table. Here you can see the most popular Lon types and their main features. It may help you get all the necessary information about each type of credit and choose the one that suits your needs.

The table of loans and their characteristics.

Type of loan

Amounts

Terms

Rates

Purpose

Collateral or guarantor

Repayment

Pros

Cons

Alternatives

Payday loans

$100 - $1,000

14 – 30 days

Fixed: 300% - 750% APR

any

None, unsecured

In a lump sum

Fast

Easy

Available for bad credit

No credit check

Expensive

Installment loans

Personal loans

Peer-to-peer lending

Cash advances

Installment loans

$1,000 - $5,000

6 - 60 months

6.63% - 225%

Any

None, unsecured

In regular equal installments

Fast

Easy

No credit check in most cases

Rather high APR

Expensive

Payday loans

Personal loans

Auto Title loans

25% to 50% of your car’s value

30 days

300% APR and up

buying a vehicle or some other personal needs

Your vehicle is a collateral

In a lump sum

Fast

Easy

No credit check in most cases

Expensive

You can lose your vehicle if you default a loan

Personal loans

Auto loans

 

Auto loans

$5,000 - $100,000

6 - 7 years

1.99% - 24.9%

Buying a vehicle

A vehicle is used as a collateral

In regular payments

Available for bad credit.

Soft credit check possible.

Legal in all the states.

Opportunity to refinance your loan.

 

Some lenders only work with a network of dealerships. Others won’t lend money to buy cars from private sellers. Lenders may also exclude some makes of cars, certain models and types of vehicles, such as electric cars.

Auto Title loans.

Personal loans.

Personal loans

$5,000 - $25,000

6 - 60 days

4.99% - 450%

Any

Secured or unsecured

In regular equal installments

Higher amounts and lower rates

Unsecured in most cases

Suits any needs

Convenient repayment plan

Not always suitable for bad credit

Hard credit check may affect your score

If your score is bad you may expect higher rates7

 

Installment loans

Consolidated loans

Line of credit

Line of credit

$5000 and more

7.25% - 20%

Variable

Any, it’s reusable

Secured or unsecured.

You pay interest on the amount you use, not the entire credit limit. All the debt must be repaid by the end of the term8

 

Flexible

Less expensive

Higher amounts

It’d reusable

You repay the interest only on the amount you use

Interest is variable, can increase

A balloon payment at the end of the term (when you still have to pay all the principal)

A lot of additional fees

Personal loans

Installment loans

Cash advances

Depends on the limit of your credit line

Up to a month.

5% of the amount withdrawn

Any daily expenses

Unsecured

On the next payday in a lump amount.

Available from any ATM.

Available for bad credit.

Expensive.

Personal loan

Borrowing from friends

Overdrawing your checking account

Credit cards

Up to $50,000

Not limited

13.99% to 22.99%

any personal needs

Unsecured

Monthly payments

Interest free grace period.

Convenient for immediate spending.

Balance transfer for debt consolidation.

Higher interest rates.

Only requires a minimum repayment each statement period.

Personal loan.

Student loans9

 

$39,40010

 

10-30 years11

 

Fixed: 5.05% - 7.6%12

 

education

No collateral, cosigner needed

In regular monthly payments

Let you get good education

Can be spent on room and board as well

Can help you build credit

Can be expensive

Default can damage your score

Family help

Choosing to live with parents instead of campus

Mortgages

The home purchase price minus down payment

10 - 40 years

4.125% - 5.016% APR14

 

Buying a house

Your property is a collateral

In monthly payments

Homeownership.

Potential tax breaks.

It’s a good investment.

 

 

Expensive.

A risk of foreclosure and home loss.

Payment changes.

Borrow from a retirement account.

Borrow from parents.

Get a co-signer.

Rent.

Save.13

 

Home-equity loans

depends on what your home is worth, 90% - 95% of your combined loan to value ratio.

5 - 15 years

Fixed rates, 5.56% - 5.79%

One big lump sum of money for a big purchase

Secured by the value of your equity in your home

In monthly payments

Fixed rates.

Predictable payments.

Lower rates than consumer loans.

Good to consolidate debts.

A big sum of money at once.

 

You risk your home.

If the equity value declines, you may go underwater.

Expensive closing costs.

 

Mortgage.

Personal loan.

Home-equity line of credit

Home-equity line of credit

depends on what your home is worth

Up to 10 years

Variable rates, 5.72% - 6.31%

Extra cash for long-term projects like home improvement

Secured by the value of your equity in your home

You may pay only interest during the loan term and when it ends pay the principal.

An adjustable interest rate.

Draw money as you need it.

Pay interest only on the amount you draw.

 

Variable rates.

You risk your home.

 

 

 

Personal loan.

Home-equity loan.

Second mortgage.

Small business loans

$30K - $350K

10 - 20 years

7.25% - 975%

To open or develop your business.

Unsecured, or pledged by a plant, equipment or vehicle.

In monthly payments

You don’t have to dilute your equity, you can sell it.

You can accelerate your growth.

You can overcome cash flow changes.

Interest rates can be high.

MIN 680 credit score.

At least $100K in revenues.

Borrowing can reduce your options.

 

Personal line of credit.

Start-up loans.

Consolidation loans

$2,000 - $10,000

30 - 60 months

13.9% - 27.2%

To consolidate all your debts.

Unsecured, or secured, or co-signer loans.

In equal monthly payments.

Lower rates.

Available for bad credit.

Fewer payments.

Can help you [ay off the debt sooner.

 

You may get into more debt.

You need a good counseling to benefit from it.

Balance transfer card.

Home equity loan.

Some equity line of credit.

Personal loan.

 

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